Citizenship iure sanguinis
Double citizenship: allowed
Length of the procedure: 1-2 years
Citizenship for children: yes
Italian language test: no
Criminal record: not an impediment
Italian healthcare: for residents only
Residence during the procedure: Italy or abroad
Taxation in Italy: residents only
Conditions of eligibility for the program
Complete documentation concerning ancestors
Foreign naturalization of the ancestor after the birth of the child
Male line of descent or female line of descent after 1948
Services provided by Aprigliano Law Firm
Assistance with the translation and legalization/apostille of documents
Assistance with the recovery of Italian certificates
Assistance with the correction of wrong information in certificates
Consulting for issuance of foreign certificates
Assistance with the filing of the application
Complete assistance with the whole procedure
Tax number application (where applicable)
Aire registration (where applicable)
* Provided by third-party professionals.
Italian Law provides the possibility of being nationals of more than one country, i.e. the right to double or multiple citizenship. Said double citizenhsip has several advantages, such as the possibility of living in two different countries and enabling people to travel more freely around the world. The features above are even more advantageous for nationals of countries where an entry visa is required in order to be allowed to enter third countries. Not all passports are the same. Some passports, including the Italian passport, grant entry to most countries without the need of a specific visa, whereas other passports do not provide such privilege.
According to the annual ranking which measures passports on the basis of the number of countries they offer visa-free access to, the Italian Passport ranks No. 3, granting entry to 175 countries without obtaining an advance visa (No 1 grants entry to 177 countries). The Italian passport enables nationals to travel and settle in any EU State without unnecessary formalities.
There are several ways to acquire the Italian citizenship: by marriage, by residence or for reasons of descent from an Italian citizen. Acquiring the Italian citizenship guarantees the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in elections, to perform activities that are reserved to Italian citizens, and to turn to the Italian embassy in any other country in case of necessity.
Before listing other rights and duties arising from the acquisition of the Italian citizenship, a distinction between Italian nationals residing in Italy and Italian nationals residing abroad must be made.
It must be specified that, as regards tax matter, Italian Law adopted the “World Wide Taxation” principle and the “territoriality” of income principle. According to the World Wide Taxation principle, all incomes earned in Italy and abroad by a resident national shall be subject to taxation in Italy, whereas Italian nationals established abroad shall pay taxes on incomes earned in Italy only.
Italian Healthcare provides free medical care to all Italian nationals residing in Italy. Such nationals are issued the Italian Health Insurance Card which grants access to medical care. Italian nationals residing abroad are not issued said Health Card, and have access to Italian health care in the case of an extreme emergency only.
Grounds for denial
The granting of the Italian citizenship by marriage or residence is subjected to the discretion of public administration, which can deny it in the event the foreign national has a criminal record. Such provision does not apply to applicants for Italian citizenship by descent and to nationals re-acquiring citizenship.
The present legislation provides for different timeframes for the purpose of applying for the Italian citizenship. In the event of application for citizenship by descent (male or female line), there is no waiting period, meaning the foreign national can apply at any time for an Italian passport.
Children and spouse
The children of a foreign national applying for citizenship by descent acquire the Italian citizenship automatically, whereas the spouse can immediately apply for the Italian citizenship by marriage.
The foreign national can apply for the recognition of the Italian citizenship by descent at any time. In the event the applicant is resident in Italy, the application shall be filed with the relevant Italian Municipality. If the applicant is resident abroad, such application shall be filed with the territorially competent Consulate. When applying, the foreign national must provide all the documentation required by law concerning his/her ancestors, from the Italian ancestor up to the applicant himself/herself.
The procedure consists of 2 steps:
- Step 1. Paper submission of the citizenship application before the relevant Italian Municipality or Consulate
- Step 2. Finalization of the procedure and granting of the Italian citizenship since birth
The law provides for the citizenship procedure before the italian Consulate to be finalized within 24 months after applying.
Aprigliano is a leading Italian Immigration and Citizenship Law boutique offering a wide range of integrated services tailored to the needs of each Client. We provide assistance to our Clients with the citizenship applications both in Italy and in the applicant’s country of residence by working closely with the relevant Italian Consulate.
We do not believe that achieving the Client’s desired outcome is enough; what we aim for is exceeding our Client’s expectations by taking care of every single detail. We see our Clients as people, not numbers, with different cultural backgrounds, personalities and expectations. Our goal is to understand each person’s needs in order to provide a tailored service that will make the application process positive and stress-free.
Contact us for more information.